I am writing this on my way home from attending two scientific conferences. These meetings are critical components of the modern scientific enterprise, and they provide a lot of insights into how science works, so I thought it would be a good idea to briefly explain what they are, why they are valuable, and what they show us about modern science.
Before I go any further, I want to quickly mention that you don’t have to be a scientist to attend these meetings. Anyone is welcome to come. Most scientific organizations have annual conferences, so please find a scientific society that studies something you are interested in and attend one of their meetings. We’d love to have you participate in science with us.
Presenting current research
At the most fundamental level, scientific conferences are a place for scientists to present their current work to the rest of their community, and the bulk of the time at conferences is devoted to talk sessions (usually split into 15 minute slots, where each researcher has 12 minutes to present, ideally leaving three minutes for questions) and poster sessions (where researchers stand beside posters displaying their research and other scientists talk to them and ask questions). Generally (though not always), the research being presented at conferences is from recent or ongoing studies. Many talks include preliminary data or data from studies that aren’t fully completed. Thus, they are a good opportunity to showcase what a lab is doing right now and draw attention to research that hasn’t been published yet.
How many talks are given during a conference depends entirely on the size of the meeting. I’ve been to small conferences that have only a few dozen people, last one day, and have just a single session. These are usually for either regional scientific societies or a very narrow research focus (e.g., research on a single species). Others are huge, with thousands of presenters, several days of talks, and numerous sessions running simultaneously. These usually include researchers on a wider range of topics who come from all over the world to attend.
Regardless of the size and scope, conferences are a great place to draw attention to your current research and keep up with the current research that other labs are conducting. Science is not done in a vacuum, and as a scientist, you have to constantly stay abreast of the current research and update your knowledge as new studies come out. As a result, attending conferences is really important for active scientists.
Maintaining and creating collaborations
Although talks consume the most time at conferences, they aren’t actually the most important component or reason for attending. That honor goes to making and maintaining connections within your field. People often think about scientists as lone mavericks working in isolation, but that simply isn’t how modern science operates. Science is an immensely collaborative process, and the best studies usually involve numerous collaborators from all over the world, each of whom contributes different expertise and skills. So how do you build these collaborative teams? Talking to people at conferences is often the best bet.
This is really the most critical function of conferences. They bring together the majority of researchers in a particular field, thus facilitating collaborations and dialogue. If you take me up on my suggestion that you should attend a conference (which I hope you will), pay attention to the conversations that happen during breaks and over meals. Watch closely, and you will continuously see scientists bouncing ideas off each other, sharing proposals, giving advice, and planning new projects. Sometimes, this is entirely organic. For example, one researcher may see a proposal by another scientist who is doing research that is similar to their own and decide that they should collaborate on a joint project. This happened to me during one of the conferences I just attended. Another scientist presented on a disease ecology system that was similar to mine, and after hearing their talk, I invited them to join me for lunch to discuss a joint project comparing our systems.
In other cases, discussions and meetings may be pre-arranged. For example, two long-term collaborators who live on other sides of the planet will often use meetings as an opportunity to sit down together and discuss the next steps of their joint research.
Finally, meetings are a good place for students to find potential advisers. For example, MS students at conferences are often scouting for PhD advisers, and conferences give them the opportunity to both showcase their own research and talk to potential mentors.
Scientists love to argue
The final thing I want to talk about is a common misconception about science that conferences help to dispel. Many people seem to think that scientists go around constantly agreeing with each other and blindly following the “dogma” of their fields. Nothing could be further from the truth. Scientists are extremely argumentative and critical, and when we read papers or watch talks, we carefully evaluate the methods and results rather than blindly accepting them. Conferences are a great place to see this on display in real time.
Talks are generally followed by a question session, and it is extremely common for audience members (other scientists) to use that time to try to shoot holes in the presentation they just saw. On multiple occasions I have seen a presentation crash and burn during the question session, sometimes with the presenter being brought to tears as the problems with their research were brought to light.
That method of argumentation is, of course, the rude way to do things. The more polite way, which also happens frequently, is to talk to the present privately later in the conference, ask them additional questions, and point out potential problems they may have missed. Ideally, this exchange will benefit the presenter, because, given that conference presentations often include preliminary results, there may still be time to fix the project before it is too late.
Finally, in addition to directly talking to the presenter, scientists talk among themselves about the presentations. I have been to dozens of conferences, and at some point, during every single one of them, I have found myself sitting around with my colleagues dissecting talks, discussing their pros and cons, and talking about issues we had with the methods and/or data presentation. Pay attention at conferences and you will see this happening constantly.
This brings me to my closing point. If you are someone who questions the value and reliability of science, who ignores studies you don’t like, who thinks that scientists blindly agree with the “dogma” of their fields, who thinks that scientists are engaged in some form of conspiracy, etc. then I strongly encourage you to attend some conferences. Meet scientists. Talk to them. Observe how they think and process information. Listen to the questions that they ask and watch how they respond to talks. Scientists don’t absorb information passively. Rather, we actively consume it and engage with it, and seeing that process in action will change how you view science and scientists.
This ties in exactly with my experience (as a non-scientist) of attending conferences run by the International Sea Turtle Society (which typically have up to 1,000 attendees). The discussion over beers is probably the most important part of the meetings!
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Hmmm…well, all the things mentioned do happen, but there are other things too.
First, many meetings require you pay to attend, and this can be quite high for non-members (the non-member “professional” rate for the Geological Society of America annual meeting is $700–there is no “member of the public rate”, though if you know a geologist, you could get him or her to sponsor you as a guest for only $110–though you then have to get a special pass to see a presentation!). At larger meetings I attend, they do check that you have a valid badge–at the expo area (which is often associated with the poster area). Often the oral sessions lack anybody checking badges, so wandering in is possible (this varies by venue and is officially discouraged).
Second, a significant part of many meetings is quite social (which might also be a surprise); one meeting where I ran the technical sessions I had to be sensitive to the various social events different sections of the society were also running. Some of this is professional (honoring awardees, for instance) but a fair bit is catching up with old school chums (and some are alumni meetings where alma maters are hoping the glow of Old My U might loosen a few pursestrings). In order for some folks to attend, they have to present *something* at the meeting, which can be well short of cutting-edge science. So while you would see scientists arguing and discussing and consulting and all that, you might also see near-empty rooms with speakers talking to a few friends and the other speakers or posters that seem well-travelled.
However one of the best points of this post is that there is a chance for feedback before stuff gets engraved in stone. The saddest thing at a meeting is for a presentation to end with time for questions, but no questions are forthcoming. (Note to session chairs: your job includes making sure there is at least one question for the speaker).
Thank you for adding this information. You are certainly correct. I was trying to keep the post short, but in my quest for brevity I may have cut out more than I should have (particularly about the social aspect). I should point out quickly that the cost of conferences can be quite expensive, but it also is highly variable. There are many small conferences especially that are quite affordable, especially just for a day pass. Also, there are usually large discounts for members, and I’ve been to several conferences where the discount was actually greater than the membership fee, so that is something to look at for anyone considering a conference.
The Logic of Science Cannot Bear Scrutiny or Challenge, because Beliefs are not real Science.
Anyone who uses facts and cited research that dismantles these hysterical beliefs must be silenced. Actual science can be questioned and challenged, The Logic of Science does not agree.
Oh please. Go to any post on this blog or any post on my page, and you will find countless debates. Indeed, I allowed you to have tons of debates on my Facebook page. You were eventually blocked because the debates were repetitious and had clearly become pointless. There are literally thousands of studies showing that we are causing climate change (which you were shown) and studies to the contrary are virtually non-existent. So quit with this utter nonsense of you being the champion of evidence and rational thought. You consistently refused to accept contrary evidence and utterly failed to provide actual evidence that we aren’t the cause of the current warming. You were blocked because, after multiple debates, it became clear that you would never accept actual evidence that conflicted with your view and I was sick and tired of having the same debate over and over again.
Note: I have publicly stated that policy for banning people from my Facebook page several times: people are welcome to disagree and debates are encouraged, but if someone repeatedly make the same illogical arguments over and over again on multiple posts and repeatedly refuses to accept facts, I will eventually ban them so that the rest of us can move on to more productive conversations. Actual debates where people adhere to the rules of logic and use good evidence are fine, but I’m not going to give deniers a free space to post their nonsense indefinitely.
Also note that that my policy for comments on the blog itself (not Facebook) is that comments should be relevant to the post at hand (read the Comment Rules) which yours is not, but I decided that it would be fair to explain why I banned you from the Facebook page, so I have allowed it. Any continuation of this thread will not be allowed, however, as it has no bearing on the topic of the post.